La parodontie est cette discipline et spécialité de la médecine dentaire qui se consacre au diagnostic, la prévention et le traitement des maladies et affections des tissus de soutien et des tissus sous-jacents des dents naturelles ou artificielles, ainsi qu’au maintien de la santé, de la fonction et de l’esthétique de ces structures et tissus.

Contenu

L''ENSD en parodontie a pour but d’évaluer les connaissances théoriques et cliniques d’un dentiste spécialiste en parodontie. Les parodontistes canadiens doivent posséder de vastes connaissances et habiletés dans les onze domaines au niveau de la spécialité en parodontie. Vous trouverez le plan directeur dans le protocole d'examen.

Format

L’examen comprend deux parties de trois heures chacune administrées au cours d’une même journée. L’examen consiste en un mélange de questions indépendantes à réponses brèves ou longues qui évaluent les connaissances générales et leur application et des questions basées sur des cas qui évaluent le diagnostic et la prise de décision clinique.

Terminologie

Tous les examens offerts en 2021 utiliseront la terminologie adoptée par l'American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) en 2018. Les anciens termes de la classification de l’AAP de 1999 pourraient être inclus entre parenthèses après les nouveaux termes le cas échéant.

Exemple : Attache supracrestale (espace biologique).

Références et ressources

Textes de référence

Higgins, J. T. P., & Green, S. (2008). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Hoboken, New Jersey: Cochrane Collaboration.

Lang, N. P., & Lindhe, J. (2015). Clinical Periodontology and Implant Dentistry, 2 Volume Set. Hoboken, NJ, United States: Wiley.

Little, J. W., Miller, C. S., & Rhodus, N. L. (2017). Little and Falace’s Dental Management of the Medically Compromised Patient. Maarssen, Netherlands: Elsevier Gezondheidszorg.

Malamed, S.F. (2017). Sedation: a guide to patient management. (6th ed.) St. Louis; Toronto: Mosby.

Mallya, S. M., & Lam, E. W. N. (2018). White and Pharoah’s Oral Radiology (8th ed).  St. Louis: Elsevier.

Misch, C. E. (2007). Contemporary Implant Dentistry. Maarssen, Netherlands: Elsevier Gezondheidszorg.

Nanci, A., Ten Cate, A.R. (2018). Ten Cate's oral histology: development, structure, and function. (9th ed.) Philadelphia: Elsevier.

Newman, M. G., Takei, H. H., Klokkevold, P. R., & Carranza, F. A. (2014). Carranza’s Clinical Periodontology. Maarssen, Netherlands: Elsevier Gezondheidszorg.

Pikos, M. A., & Miron, R. J. (2019). Bone Augmentation in Implant Dentistry. Zaltbommel, Netherlands: Van Haren Publishing.

Revues

Atieh, M. A., Alsabeeha, N. H. M., Faggion, C. M., Jr, & Duncan, W. J. (2012). The Frequency of Peri-Implant Diseases: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Periodontology, 1–15. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2012.120592

Caffesse, R. G., Sweeney, P. L., & Smith, B. A. (1986). Scaling and root planing with and without periodontal flap surgery. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 13(3), 205–210. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-051x.1986.tb01461.x

Canullo, L., Pellegrini, G., Allievi, C., Trombelli, L., Annibali, S., & Dellavia, C. (2010). Soft tissues around long-term platform switching implant restorations: a histological human evaluation. Preliminary results. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 38(1), 86–94. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-051x.2010.01641.x

Claffey, N., & Egelberg, J. (1995). Clinical indicators of probing attachment loss following initial periodontal treatment in advanced periodontitis patients. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 22(9), 690–696. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-051x.1995.tb00828.x

Cortellini, P., & Bowers, G.M. (1995). Periodontal regeneration of intrabony defects: an evidence-based treatment approach. The International journal of periodontics & restorative dentistry, 15 2, 128-45 .

de Brandão, M. L., Vettore, M. V., & Vidigal Júnior, G. M. (2013). Peri-implant bone loss in cement- and screw-retained prostheses: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 40(3), 287–295. https://doi.org/10.1111/jcpe.1204

Greenstein, G., Cavallaro, J., Romanos, G., & Tarnow, D. (2008). Clinical Recommendations for Avoiding and Managing Surgical Complications Associated With Implant Dentistry: A Review. Journal of Periodontology, 79(8), 1317–1329. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2008.070067

Jeffcoat, M. K. (1992). Radiographic Methods for the Detection of Progressive Alveolar Bone Loss. Journal of Periodontology, 63(4s), 367–372. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.1992.63.4s.367

Jensen, S. S., Bosshardt, D. D., Gruber, R., & Buser, D. (2014). Long-Term Stability of Contour Augmentation in the Esthetic Zone: Histologic and Histomorphometric Evaluation of 12 Human Biopsies 14 to 80 Months After Augmentation. Journal of Periodontology, 85(11), 1549–1556. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2014.140182

Johnson, G. K., & Guthmiller, J. M. (2007). The impact of cigarette smoking on periodontal disease and treatment. Periodontology 2000, 44(1), 178–194. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0757.2007.00212.x

LANG, N. P., & LÖE, H. (1993). Clinical management of periodontal diseases. Periodontology 2000, 2(1), 128–139. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0757.1993.tb00225.x

Lindhe, J., & Meyle, J. (2008). Peri-implant diseases: Consensus Report of the Sixth European Workshop on Periodontology. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 35, 282–285. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-051x.2008.01283.x

Mailoa, J., Lin, G.-H., Chan, H.-L., MacEachern, M., & Wang, H.-L. (2014). Clinical Outcomes of Using Lasers for Peri-Implantitis Surface Detoxification: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Journal of Periodontology, 85(9), 1194–1202. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2014.130620

Page, R.C., & Schroeder, H.E. (1976). Pathogenesis of inflammatory periodontal disease. A summary of current work. Laboratory investigation; a journal of technical methods and pathology, 34 3, 235-49 .

Paraskevas, S., Huizinga, J. D., & Loos, B. G. (2008). A systematic review and meta-analyses on C-reactive protein in relation to periodontitis. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 35(4), 277–290. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-051x.2007.01173.x

Polimeni, G., Xiropaidis, A. V., & Wikesjo, U. M. E. (2006). Biology and principles of periodontal wound healing/regeneration. Periodontology 2000, 41(1), 30–47. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0757.2006.00157.x

Position Paper: Periodontal Regeneration. (2005). Journal of Periodontology, 76(9), 1601–1622. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2005.76.9.1601

Position Paper: Systemic Antibiotics in Periodontics. (2004). Journal of Periodontology, 75(11), 1553–1565. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2004.75.11.1553

Schropp, L., Wenzel, A., Kostopoulos, L., & Karring, T. (2003). Bone Healing and Soft Tissue Contour Changes Following Single-Tooth Extraction: A Clinical and Radiographic 12-Month Prospective Study. The International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry, 23(4), 313. https://doi.org/10.11607/prd.00.0536

Slots, J. (2017). Periodontitis: facts, fallacies and the future. Periodontology 2000, 75(1), 7–23. https://doi.org/10.1111/prd.12221

Socransky, Sigmund S., & Haffajee, A. D. (1992). The Bacterial Etiology of Destructive Periodontal Disease: Current Concepts. Journal of Periodontology, 63(4s), 322–331. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.1992.63.4s.322

Socransky, S.S., Haffajee, A. D., Cugini, M. A., Smith, C., & Kent, R. L. (1998). Microbial complexes in subgingival plaque. Journal of Clinical Periodontology, 25(2), 134–144. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-051x.1998.tb02419.x

Wilson Jr., T. G. (2009). The Positive Relationship Between Excess Cement and Peri-Implant Disease: A Prospective Clinical Endoscopic Study. Journal of Periodontology, 80(9), 1388–1392. https://doi.org/10.1902/jop.2009.090115