Approved participants can register for the Assessment of Fundamental Knowledge (AFK), by logging on to their online profile.
Format and Content
The AFK is administered in two books of 150 multiple-choice questions. Each book is given in a three hour session. The sessions are held in the morning and afternoon of one day.
The AFK Protocol provides specific details regarding the format and scheduling of the assessment.
The assessment Blueprint outlined below shows the content areas and approximate percentages of questions in each area.
|AFK Blueprint||Approximate % of Questions|
|Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Local Anesthesia, Medical Emergencies, Medicine including Physiology||24|
|Orthodontics, Pediatric Dentistry, Geriatric Dentistry, Special Needs Patient including Oral Embryology, Growth and Development||10|
|Periodontics including Microbiology and Immunology||10|
|Oral Medicine/Oral Pathology including Histology, Oral Radiology||17|
|Evidenced-based dentistry, Prevention, Infection Control, Ethics & Jurisprudence||7|
|Oral Surgery, Trauma, Oral Facial Pain, Dental Emergencies including Applied Anatomy||10|
|Cariology including Microbiology, Biochemistry, Restorative, Prosthodontics, Implants||16|
The NDEB updates examination and assessments questions on a regular basis as new knowledge becomes available.
The NDEB is aware that the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) has published a new disease classification in the Journal of Periodontology in June 2018. All NDEB examinations and assessments for 2018, the February 2019 AFK, the March 2019 Written Examination and OSCE, the May 2019 ACJ, the May 2019 Written Examination and OSCE will continue to be based on the 1999 AAP disease classification.
NDEB examinations and assessments use the terminology adopted by the American Association of Endodontists (AAE) in 2009.
The NDEB is aware of the most current guidelines for antibiotic prophylaxis as published in North America and in the reference texts used by Canadian Dental Programs.
The Protocol contain important information regarding the AFK. This document should be read carefully.
Download the 2019 AFK Protocol in PDF format.
Assessment results are electronically scanned and processed. Results are then verified manually at least three times. An additional verification is done of all results close to the passing score before they are released to participants.
A test equated, re-scaled score of 75 or greater is reported as a Pass. A test equated, re-scaled score of less than 75 is reported as a Fail. Results will include the test equated, re-scaled score. No further breakdown of results is available.
In order to ensure the consistency of scores on all the versions of the assessment, the NDEB uses a test equating procedure. This procedure correlates a standardized reference assessment with the current version of the assessment and determines the standardized mark. The NDEB maintains a standardized passing score of 75 on all assessments and examinations.
For more information regarding the processes used to select questions and analyze and test equate assessments and examinations please download Information on Test Equating and question selection.
You can take the AFK a maximum of three times.
Appeals and Rescores
What is a Compassionate Appeal?
If you feel you were disadvantaged by a personal circumstance beyond your control during an assessment, you can make a request for a Compassionate Appeal to the NDEB. Compassionate Appeals must be received in writing within one week of the assessment.
Where can I find more information?
What is a manual rescore?
Two NDEB staff members perform a manual rescore by comparing the answers on your answer score sheet with the master score sheet. In most circumstances, this process confirms that no errors were made during the scanning and electronic scoring process. Participants are notified of the result of their manual rescore by email within four weeks from the time of request.
How do I request a manual rescore of my assessment?
Manual rescores are available to participants who have failed the assessment. Although it is unlikely that a result will change after a manual rescore, eligible participants can request a manual rescore of their assessment within three months of the release of results. Manual rescores are requested through the “Other Services” tab in your NDEB online profile.
Participants cannot review their assessments or scoresheets.