Pediatric Dentistry is the branch and specialty of dentistry concerned with providing primary and comprehensive preventive and therapeutic oral health diagnosis, care, and consultative expertise for infants and children through adolescence, including those of all ages with special care needs.


The NDSE in pediatric dentistry tests your knowledge and clinical competence in paediatric dentistry at the specialty level. 


Canadian pediatric dental specialists are required to have broad knowledge and skills in fourteen domains. The blueprint below presents the fourteen domains and the approximate percentage of the entire exam covered by each domain. 

Pediatric Blueprint Approximate %
of questions
Growth and development 8
Cariology, preventive dentistry & anticipatory guidance 8
Restorative dentistry/oral rehabilitation 12
Child development & non-pharmacological behaviour guidance 8
Pharmacological behaviour guidance 8
Pharmacology 5
Oro-facial Trauma 10
Medical Management  10
Oral diagnosis/oral pathology/oral medicine/oral radiology 10
Periodontology 5
Pulp therapy 10
Infection control and occupational hazards 2
Biostatistics/epidemiology 2
Record keeping and informed consent 2
Total 100%


The examination will consist of two, three-hour parts. The examination format consists of a mix of stand-alone short and long answer questions that assess knowledge and application, and case-based questions that assess diagnostic and clinical decision-making ability.

References and Resources

Reference Texts

American Academy of Pediatrics, & American Heart Association. (2011). Pediatric Advanced Life Support. Dallas, Texas: American Heart Association.

Berg, J. H., & Slayton, R. L. (2015). Early Childhood Oral Health (2nd ed.). Hoboken, NJ, United States: Wiley.

Berkowitz, S. (2013). Cleft Lip and Palate. New York, United States: Springer Publishing.

Bs, M., & Manjunatha, B. S. (2012). Textbook of Dental Anatomy and Oral Physiology. New York, United States: Macmillan Publishers.

Cameron, A. C., & Widmer, R. P. (2013). Handbook of Pediatric Dentistry (4th ed). St. Louis: Mosby

Casamassimo, P.S., et al. (2013). Pediatric dentistry: infancy through adolescence. (5th ed.) St. Louis: Mosby.

Harris, N. O., García-Godoy, F., & Nathe, C. N. (2013). Primary Preventive Dentistry. Canada: Pearson.

Hines, R. L., & Marschall, K. E. (2017). Stoelting’s Anesthesia and Co-Existing Disease (7th ed). St. Louis: Elsevier.

Kwon, P. H., & Laskin, D. M. (2001). Clinician’s Manual of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. Zaltbommel, Netherlands: Van Haren Publishing.

Malamed, S.F. (2012). Handbook of local anesthesia. (6th ed.) St. Louis: Elsevier Mosby.

Mallya, S. M., & Lam, E. W. N. (2018). White and Pharoah’s Oral Radiology (8th ed).  St. Louis: Elsevier.

McDonald, R.E., Avery, D.R., Dean, J.A. (2016). McDonald and Avery’s dentistry for the child and adolescent. (10th ed.) St. Louis: Elsevier.

Neville, B.W. (2016). Oral & maxillofacial pathology. (4th ed.) Philadelphia; Toronto: W.B. Saunders.

Nowak, A.J., Casamassimo, P.S. (2011). The handbook of pediatric dentistry. (5th ed.) Chicago: The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry.

Scully, C. (2014). Scully’s medical problems in dentistry. (7th ed.) Churchill Livingston.

Topazian RG, et al (2002) Oral and maxillofacial infections (4th ed.). Philadelphia, WB Saunders

Zwemer, T., et al. (2014). Mosby's dental dictionary. (3rd ed.) St. Louis: Mosby Inc


Almuallem Z, Busuttil-Naudi A.  (2018) Molar incisor hypomineralisation (MIH) – an overview. British Dental Journal: 225(7) 601-609

American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry - Oral Health Policies and Recommendations. (2019). Retrieved from

American Association of Endodontists. (2019, June 3). Guide to Clinical Endodontics. Retrieved from

Arron, K., Oliver, C., Moss, J., Berg, K., & Burbidge, C. (2010). The prevalence and phenomenology of self-injurious and aggressive behaviour in genetic syndromes. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 55(2), 109–120.

Berkowitz, RJ. et al (1989) Developmental orofacial deficits associated with multimodal cancer therapy: case report. Pediatr Dent 11(3):227-231.

Cahuana A, Gonzalez Y, Palma C. (2005) Clinical management of regional odontodysplasia. Pediatr Dent; 27(1):34-39.

Chickenpox | For Healthcare Professionals | Varicella | CDC. (2018, December 31). Retrieved from

Croll TP.(1991) Visible light-hardened glass ionomer cement base/liner as an interim restorative material. Quintessence Int. Feb;22(2):137-41

Dawes, C., Pedersen, A. M. L., Villa, A., Ekström, J., Proctor, G. B., Vissink, A., … Wolff, A. (2015). The functions of human saliva: A review sponsored by the World Workshop on Oral Medicine VI. Archives of Oral Biology, 60(6), 863–874.

Guidelines for Infection Control in Dental Health-Care Settings — 2003. (2003, December 19). Retrieved from

Hass, D.A.(2002) An update on Analgesics for the Management of Acute Postoperative Dental Pain, J Dent Assoc; 68(8):476-82

Hebling J, Feigal RJ. (2000) Use of one-bottle adhesive as an intermediate bonding layer to reduce sealant microleakage on saliva-contaminated enamel. Am J Dent;13(4): 187-91.

Holan, G., & Needleman, H. L. (2013). Premature loss of primary anterior teeth due to trauma - potential short- and long-term sequelae. Dental Traumatology, 30(2), 100–106.

Index of Core Concept Book Chapters. (2019, February 7). Retrieved from

Informational Paper: Oral Reconstructive and Corrective Considerations in Periodontal Therapy. (2005). Journal of Periodontology, 76(9), 1588–1600.